Trapped Pieces

Trapped pieces are trapped in a part of the chess board and are likely to be captured. The term smothered pieces is often used for pieces that are permanently trapped but unlikely to be captured.

Knights are often trapped in the corner of the board. A typical situation is where a Knight wins a Rook via a Knight Fork, but is then trapped in the corner square after capturing the Rook.

Knights can also be trapped on the edge of the board, often with pawns.

Bishops can sometimes be trapped in the middle of the board, such as by a long chain of enemy pawns.

Another common bishop trap is where a Bishop captures a rook pawn ("a pawn or "h pawn), and is then trapped when the opponent moves up the adjacent knight pawn to block the Bishops escape.

Rooks are often trapped in beginner chess. The typical trap is a Bishop or Queen taking the "b or "g pawn, where the Rook is trapped next to its own Knight.

Rooks are sometimes trapped in the middle of the board. That is one reason why rooks usually dont come out to play until late in the game.

Queens are not often trapped, but it is a game-winning advantage when it occurs. A typical example is where a Queen takes a "b pawn and then gets trapped on the Queenside by a rook and minor pieces.

Trapped King? Thats called checkmate.

Related Chess Tactics

Read more about these related chess strategies: