Swap all the Pawns to Draw
A chess game becomes more drawish with the absence of every pawn. This does not mean that you should throw away your pawns, however, but that you should try to win or exchange all of your opponent’s pawns. This is a drawing strategy to use if you are losing.
The opposite plan for the stronger player is to avoid pawn swaps. Their goal is to “swap pieces not pawns”. By removing the pieces, and keeping their pawns, they increase the chance of getting a pawn down to make a Queen. The defender’s plan is the opposite: swap pawns not pieces. To get a draw you should try to swap pawns (and also to avoid swapping pieces).
There are several goals of swapping pawns for a draw in an endgame: (1) get rid of all the pawns into a pawnless ending is drawish because nobody can make a Queen; or (2) get rid of all the pawns on one side of the board, since such one-sided endgames are very drawish, or (3) completely get rid of all the enemy pawns even by sacrificing a Knight or Bishop for the 1 or 2 remaining pawns.
Related Chess Tactics
Read more about these related chess strategies: