Half-Open File against Backward Pawn

A weak pawn is only weak if it can be attacked. A “backward pawn” is a weakness that cannot always be exploited. But if the backward pawn is also on a half-open file, as is often the case, then the backward pawn can often be attacked by enemy rooks. Play against a weak backward pawn on a half-open file involves doubling the rooks against the pawn, and perhaps even a “Queen rook battery” with the Queen and one or two rooks bearing down on the pawn.

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