Dominated pieces are those pieces that cannot move without being captured. They may or may not be captured. It is a similar concept to trapped pieces or smothered pieces. However, it usually refers to situations where a piece is dominated by the enemyís pieces.
A classic dominated piece is a Knight that is dominated by the Bishop. This mostly occurs when the Knight is on the edge of the board (either the sides or the top/bottom ranks). A bishop can sometimes control all of the squares where the Knight can move to, although the Bishop cannot actually capture the Knight because itís on an opposite color square, after all!
Diagram: Bishop dominates Knight
Rooks can also dominate Knights, on some of the squares on the edge of the board (but not all edge squares).
Diagram: Rook Dominates Knight in the Corner
Bishops are occasionally dominated by a Knight. But itís less common than the reverse.
Diagram: Bishop and Pawn Dominate Rook
Related Chess Tactics
Read more about these related chess strategies: