Pawn First Move

A pawn’s first move in chess is a special 2-square jump move. Normally pawns can only move 1-square forwards, and can only capture 1-square diagonally forwards. But for each pawn, on its very first move in the game, can go 2 squares forward. It must go 2 squares directly forwards (vertically), and cannot go diagonally or in an L-shape Knight move.

The initial 2-square move is not a jump move. It cannot jump over a piece. There must be 2 empty squares in front of the pawn. And it cannot be a capture move. Pawns capture diagonally.

The Pawn’s initial 2-square move is also important for the “en passant rule”. A pawn can only be captured en passant if it has just done its 2-square jump move on the immediately previous move.

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