Number of Chess Pieces
There are 32 pieces on a chess board at the start of a game. Since there are 8x8=64 squares on a chess board, this means that exactly half of the board has a piece or pawn. The White pieces take 2 rows, the black pieces take 2 rows, and there are 4 empty rows between the armies.
Each player has 16 pieces. There are 8 pawns and 8 bigger pieces in each army.
- Queen value: 9 pawns
- Rook value: 5 pawns
- Knight value: 3 pawns
- Bishop value: 3 pawns (and a bit more)
- Pawn value: 1 pawn
- King value: infinite (not usually counted)
Related Chess Rules Topics
Read more about these related chess rules, chess puzzles, and other chess tactics and strategies: