Some of the draws in chess games require one or other player to make an official “claim” of the draw. This involves stopping the clocks and seeking out an arbiter to whom you can make your claim. The precise rules are very complex, such as what happens if the draw claim is rejected.
The types of draws that require a claim by a player include:
- Triple Repetition Draw
- 50 Move Rule Draw
- No progress draw, or “not attempting to win” (e.g. infinite pursuit)
The process for a proper draw claim is quite formal. In junior tournaments or other less official tournaments, some of these rules may be limited or vary.
However, although these are automatic, in practice, you might still have to seek out an arbiter in order to get such an automatic draw applied to your game.
Draws without the Referee
The main type of draw that occurs without the official referee being called is an “agreed draw” or “draw by mutual agreement”. The two players simply agree to a draw, but even in this draw, there is a process called a “draw offer”.
Other Types of Draw
There are also some other situations which are drawn but the precise rules are a little difficult: