Some types of draws in a chess game are “automatic” in the sense that a player does not have to make a “draw claim”. The referee is supposed to declare a draw on seeing these positions. These types of draws include:
- Lack of adequate mating material (insufficient mating material)
- Kings Only (the most common type of insufficient mating material draw)
It’s a bit confusing, because although you don’t need an official “draw claim” process, you still have to claim the draw, by you know, saying that it’s a draw to your opponent, and you might still have to get the referee over to confirm the draw (e.g. if your opponent disagrees or doesn’t know the rule).
Read more about: Draw Claims.
Other Types of Draw
Other types of draws include: