Queen Pawn Openings

The Queen Pawn openings are where black plays “d4”, which is the “Queen pawn” and d4 is “pawn to Queen 4” in the old notation.

The Queen Pawn openings are usually referring to those where Black also advances the Queen pawn. The usual position has both queen pawns advanced to block each other.

Diagram: Queen Pawn Openings

The most common double Queen pawn opening is the Queen’s Gambit.

Diagram: Queen’s Gambit

The main lines in the double Queen pawn openings include:

Some of the possible build-ups by White in Queen pawn openings include:

Some of the less common lines for Black against “c4” include:

Alternative White Queen Pawn Systems

Some of the alternatives to “2.c4” for White include:

Richter-Veresov Attack (Nc3 Attack): Other than the usual “c4” move by White, the move “2.Nc3” has also become quite common. It is under-rated, and can be quite aggressive.

Diagram: Queen’s Game with 2. Nc3 (the Nc3 Attack)

Indian Defences for Black

Black can also choose to play “1..Nf6” leading to a variety of “Indian Defences” and the Benoni/Benko openings.

Diagram: Black Plays Nf6 (Indian Defences)

These lines give rise to the various “Indian” defences:

There are also various other Black lines involving Nf6:

For other lines for Black than Nf6, such as the Dutch Defence (1..f5), see also: “Black against d4”.


Transpositions: Note that most of the common replies against d4 are aimed at preventing White from playing “e4” on their second move: d5, Nf6, and f5 all stop aim to White playing “e4”. The alternative is to allow White to play e4 with Black moves such as “e6” or “c6”, that may transpose to openings such as the French Defence or Caro Kann Defence, which are not really Queen Pawn openings any more!