Queen Pawn Openings
The Queen Pawn openings are where black plays “d4”, which is the “Queen pawn” and d4 is “pawn to Queen 4” in the old notation.
The Queen Pawn openings are usually referring to those where Black also advances the Queen pawn. The usual position has both queen pawns advanced to block each other.
Diagram: Queen Pawn Openings
The most common double Queen pawn opening is the Queen’s Gambit.
Diagram: Queen’s Gambit
The main lines in the double Queen pawn openings include:
- Queen’s Gambit Accepted
- Queen’s Gambit Declined
- Slav Defence (with c6)
- Semi-Slav Defence
- Chigorin Defence (with Nc6)
- Tarrasch Defence
- Semi-Tarrasch Defence
Some of the possible build-ups by White in Queen pawn openings include:
- Colle System (with “d4”, “e3”, “Bd3” and “Nf3”)
- Catalan Opening (with “g3”)
- Reverse Stonewall System (involves “d4”, “e3”, and “f4”)
- Blackmar-Diemer Gambit (“2.e4!?” or “3.e4!?”)
Some of the less common lines for Black against “c4” include:
Alternative White Queen Pawn Systems
Some of the alternatives to “2.c4” for White include:
- Nc3 attack (“Richter-Veresov Attack”)
- Torre Attack
- Trompowski Attack (Bg5 against 1..Nf6, or even 1.d4 d5, 2.Bg5!?)
- Bg5 attack
- e3 systems: Colle System, Reverse Stonewall
- London Attack (Bf4 attack)
- Hodgson Attack
Richter-Veresov Attack (Nc3 Attack): Other than the usual “c4” move by White, the move “2.Nc3” has also become quite common. It is under-rated, and can be quite aggressive.
Diagram: Queen’s Game with 2. Nc3 (the Nc3 Attack)
Indian Defences for Black
Diagram: Black Plays Nf6 (Indian Defences)
These lines give rise to the various “Indian” defences:
- King’s Indian Defence
- Queen’s Indian Defence
- Nimzo-Indian Defence
- Bogo-Indian Defence
- Old Indian Defence
There are also various other Black lines involving Nf6:
Transpositions: Note that most of the common replies against d4 are aimed at preventing White from playing “e4” on their second move: d5, Nf6, and f5 all stop aim to White playing “e4”. The alternative is to allow White to play e4 with Black moves such as “e6” or “c6”, that may transpose to openings such as the French Defence or Caro Kann Defence, which are not really Queen Pawn openings any more!