Philidor Queen Exchange Defence

This line where Black plays d6 and e5, offers an immediate Queen exchange that forces the Black King to move. However, White cannot really take advantage of it, and Black has time to play c6 and Kc7.

Diagram: Philidor-like Queen Exchange Defence

Lines: After the Queen exchange, it becomes a “semi-ending” where White develops while Black plays “..c6” and “..Kc7” (where the e5 pawn protects against Bf4, for example). White might even castle with check, or play Bg5+, but it doesn’t do a lot. The main strategic weakness for Black is the f7 pawn, so White might look at Ng5 and Bc4 lines, whereas Black will probably play h6 (or perhaps Nh6). Black can play the “Lion System” of development as well.

Avoiding the Queen Exchange

White’s best may be to avoid the Queen swap, preferring instead to play Nf3 and Bc4, into a more traditional line of the Philidor Defence. White is more active and has more space, but Black is solid and without any major weaknesses.

Diagram: Normal Philidor Line (3.Nf3)

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