Four Pawns Attack

There are a number of White chess openings that are called a “four pawns attack”. Usually the key move is “f4”, and the four pawns attacking are the "c’, "d’, "e’, and "f’ pawns.

All of these openings are attacking. As White, you can play these openings with a “strategic slow attack” by just enjoying your central control and space advantage to suppress counterplay and slowly build up an attack. Or you can play these openings with the goal of a “quick crush attack” using the pawns as a central “pawn roller” to attack Black’s pieces. The first strategy is probably stronger and sounder, as the second strategy against a strong player may lead to Black counter-attacking against an over-advanced pawn center and watching it crumble.