Anti-Queen Pawn Openings for Black

Looking for some attacking variations against the Queen Pawn openings (1.d4)? There are various opening lines for Black that aim to get White out of their comfort zone. Some options in the main line “d4 d5” Queen pawn openings include:

Some of the lesser known variations in the Indian Defences include:

Some of the options for Black against the Queen Pawn, but with a dubious reputation (at least, in master play) include:

Some of the more obscure or hypermodern opening alternatives that are playable against either “1.d4” or “1.e4” include:

Nevertheless, some of these lines are playable at club level, or for blitz openings.

For more ideas, see: