Anti-English Openings

Against the English Opening (1.c4), Black has a choice of a variety of systems. A lot will depend on whether White follows up with a later d4 move, which will often transpose into Queen Pawn Games or Indian Defences, or if White avoids d4 then there are the independent English lines.

Some popular options for Black when the goal is tactical or attacking openings include:

It should be noted that some of the main lines in the English Opening are actually very tactical. It has had the reputation for years as a quiet positional opening, but this is simply not true. Black can choose some of the more tactical main lines if desired.